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Overview

Families Eating Smart, Moving More (FESMM) is a direct education intervention designed to improve dietary intake, increase daily physical activity, and improve home food safety practices, food resource management, and food security. FESMM is a curriculum package that is evidence-based and hands-on. The intervention provides interactive nutrition education sessions that were developed based on a community needs assessment of existing data showing diet and physical activity behaviors, food resource management skills, food safety practices, and food security practices among low-income, low-resource adults living in NC. The lessons in the curriculum include recipes along with physical activities that help participants learn simple solutions to eat smart and be active every day. FESMM addresses key behaviors linked to obesity by helping families learn how to increase fruit and vegetable intake, eat together as a family, reduce screen/sedentary time, control portion sizes, and limit consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.    

Intervention Target Behavior: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Reducing Screen Time  

SNAP-Ed Strategies: Direct Education 

Intervention Reach and Adoption

FESMM targets low-income parents, pregnant, and breastfeeding women. FESMM incorporates hands-on food preparation using simple recipes that require minimal ingredients, and little equipment. In 2022, 40 county governments partnered with EFNEP (Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program) in North Carolina to fund peer educators. Program delivery partners included 32 Adult Education & Training sites, 26 faith communities, 32 community centers, two Emergency Food Assistance sites, three farmers markets, one food store, 12 Head Starts, 16 Health Care sites, four libraries, five schools, 15 public housing sites, three shelters, two WIC clinics, two worksites and seven other organizations serving low-income families with children. 1,629 participants enrolled in the program.    

Settings: Farmers markets, Community-wide, Faith-based centers, Food pantries, Healthcare, Retail, Schools, USDA program sites, Worksites 

Age/Population Group: Pregnant/Breastfeeding, Parents/Caregivers, Unhoused

Race: All

Ethnicity: All 

Intervention Components

FESMM's critical components include:  

  • Dialogue around lesson topics that engage and value participant experiences 
  • A food activity that includes a tasting, recipe demonstration, or hands-on preparation, modified for budget and facility 
  • Participation in a physical activity that is modified for ability or setting 
  • A goal setting component for participants 

Each lesson of FESMM uses dialogue that helps meet participants where they are in considering behavior change. Through dialogue, food, and physical activities, participants are encouraged to consider a small change they want to make. Strategies to overcome potential barriers to change are also discussed. Educators are provided "media moments" that assist with follow-up between lessons via closed Facebook group, text, or email. Participants are encouraged to share progress on meeting their goals during each session. To support individual behavioral change, educators are provided prompts to engage partners who are positioned to affect PSE changes that support healthy eating and physical activity.  

FESMM includes 21 lessons with a minimum of six lessons to achieve impacts. Each lesson includes a recipe that can be implemented through a guided tasting, demonstration, or hands-on preparation. Recipe videos walk participants through the recipe, substitutions, and suggestions to save money. Simple preparation techniques that consider participant time, food costs, preparation skills, and kitchen equipment help participants learn how to prepare and eat more meals at home. Physical activities are included in each lesson. The curriculum visuals (PowerPoints, participant handouts, videos) are available in both English and Spanish. Included in FESMM is access to nine pre-recorded lessons that are available online. This allows flexibility in lesson delivery as well as enhancing the participant's educational experience. In addition, users of FESMM have access to our comprehensive training website.

Intervention Materials

Families Eating Smart and Moving More curriculum includes:  

  • A leader guide 
  • 21 evidence-based, scripted lessons 
  • PowerPoint presentations with embedded recipe, physical activity, and concept videos (English and Spanish) 
  • Teaching kit with lesson review activities (English and Spanish) 
  • Four research-developed guides to help facilitators adjust their approach for specific audiences 
  • Participant handouts (English and Spanish) 
  • Recruitment tools (English and Spanish)
  • Access to videos for online lesson delivery  
  • Access to the FESMM training website  

More information about available materials and a sample lesson can be found at: https://ncefnep.org/partners/curricula/

You can order materials by completing an order form found online at: https://ncefnep.org/partners/order-forms/ and emailing it to northcarolinaefnep@ncsu.edu.

Intervention Costs

A small fee helps offset the cost of development and revision. The current total cost is $750 for the curriculum and teaching kit. States can reproduce as many copies as they need.  

Each purchase includes the full set of files for 21 lessons (including lesson scripts, slides, recipe demonstrations and physical activity videos, handouts, and guides), a teaching kit of supplemental games and activities, templates for program recruitment and promotion, pre-recorded online lessons, and access to the curriculum training website.  

Evidence Summary

The program collects success stories annually, and each year these stories include successes individual participants have made in controlling an existing chronic disease, such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Although FESMM is not a weight loss program, several participants report losing weight each year. Success stories are included in our annual reports and can be found at https://ncefnep.org/partners/program-impact-archives/. This includes the current year's state, district, and county reports, as well as archived reports dating back to 2012. Challenges lie in participant recruitment and partner negotiation for time, food supplies, and space. To address participant recruitment, it is recommended to utilize technology for blended face-to-face and online lessons (6 lessons are currently available) and to have flexible work hours. Negotiations with partners for time, food supplies, and space should be based on common goals and outcomes desired, best practices for achieving goals/outcomes, and partner buy-in equity. 

FESMM was piloted 2006-2007 in North Carolina with positive results for targeted behaviors. FESMM has produced consistent positive behavior changes in dietary intake, physical activity, food resource management, and food safety (https://reeis.usda.gov/reports-and-documents/efnep). Developers and Contributors consist of Extension and Public Health professionals with expertise in adult education, nutrition, physical activity, food safety, and resource management. Revisions (2007, 2011, 2016) of the curriculum go through both an internal and external review. FESMM participated in research projects that helped inform the adoption of new strategies during each revision. Guides for specific settings, media moments, and PSE prompts were informed by research.   

Evidence Base: Practice-Tested 

Evaluation Indicators

Based on the SNAP-Ed Evaluation Framework, the following outcome indicators can be used to evaluate intervention progress and success.

 Readiness and Capacity - Short Term (ST)Changes - Medium Term (MT)Effectiveness and Maintenance - Long Term (LT)Population Results (R)
Individual MT1, MT2, MT3, MT4  
Environmental Settings   
Sectors of Influence   

In 2019:  

MT1: Healthy Eating 

  • MT1l: 52% of participants completing an entry and exit food recall increased their daily fruit consumption by an average of 0.4 cups 
  • MT1d: 70% of participants completing an entry and exit Food and Physical Activity Behavior Questionnaire reported eating red and orange vegetables more often each week and 68% reported eating dark green vegetables more often each week 
  • MT1h: 54% of participants completing an entry and exit Food and Physical Activity Behavior Questionnaire reported drinking regular soda less often and 53% reported drinking other sweetened beverages less often 
  • MT1j: 44% of participants completing an entry and exit food recall reported an increase in their consumption of whole grains 

MT2: Food Resource Management 

  • MT2j: 65% of participants completing an entry and exit Food and Physical Activity Questionnaire reported shopping with a list more often 

MT3: Physical Activity and Reduced Sedentary Behavior  

  • MT3a: 67% of participants completing an entry and exit Food and Physical Activity Questionnaire reported exercising for at least 30 minutes, more days a week 
  • MT3a: 70% of participants completing an entry and exit Food and Physical Activity Questionnaire reported making small changes to be active more often 
  • MT3c: 60% of participants completing an entry and exit Food and Physical Activity Questionnaire reported doing muscle strengthening activities, more days a week 

MT4: Food Safety 

  • MT4c: 69% of participants completing an entry and exit Food and Physical Activity Questionnaire reported using a meat thermometer more often 
Evaluation Materials

Developed initially for EFNEP, FESMM addresses the four primary goals of the program. Impact data collection tools are the standard tools used for EFNEP. The 24-hour recall and the Food and Physical Activity Behavior Questionnaire are available on the Extension Foundation's Connect Extension website at https://connect.extension.org/g/efnep. Data are collected at entry and exit and analyzed using the Web-Based Nutrition Education Evaluation and Reporting System (WebNEERS) https://efneppse.org/reporting, a national web-based reporting system for EFNEP. Data from https://reeis.usda.gov/reports-and-documents/efnep shows NC's FESMM has produced consistent results since 2007.

Additional Information

Website: The FESMM website (www.ncefnep.org) includes more about the program and living a healthy lifestyle. 

Contact Person(s):

Lisa Benavente

State Coordinator, NC State University

Phone: 919-515-3888

Email(s): lisa_benavente@ncsu.edunorthcarolinaefnep@ncsu.edu  

Megan Halbohm

Technology and Training Leader, NC State University

Phone: 919-515-4743

Email(s): mcberthi@ncsu.edunorthcarolinaefnep@ncsu.edu    

 

*Updated as of August 28, 2023

Year
2016
Resource Type
Evidence Base
Intervention Outcome Levels
SNAP-Ed Strategies
Race
Ethnicity
Language
Evaluation Framework Indicators