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Safe routes to school

A program to make walking and bicycling to school safer and more accessible for children, including those with disabilities, and to increase the number of children who choose to walk and bicycle.


Areas of the economy in which businesses share the same or a related product or service.

Sedentary behavior

Too much sitting or lying down at work, home, in social settings and during leisure time.


Setting is the type of site where the intervention takes place; interventions may be implemented in more than one setting. The Community setting includes interventions designed to help children and families and/or interventions implemented in neighborhoods, parks, faith-based organizations, or other community locations. This also includes recreation and emergency food provision settings.


Types of sites, for example schools, work sites, food stores, and parks.

Shared-use street

A strategy providing an infrastructure that supports multiple recreation and transportation opportunities, such as walking, cycling, and use of wheelchairs, to enable safe access for all users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit riders of all ages and abilities. Shared-use streets make it easy to cross the street and supports active transportation. Also called mixed-use street.


The physical locations or places where SNAP-Ed activities occur.

SNAP-Ed agencies

SNAP-Ed agencies include state agencies that administer SNAP, Implementing Agencies (e.g., Land-grant universities, other universities, public health departments, Indian Tribal Organizations, and nonprofit organizations), and their sub-contractors.

SNAP-Ed Connection

A dynamic online resource center for State and local SNAP-Ed providers:

SNAP-Ed eligible persons

The target audience for SNAP-Ed, specifically SNAP participants and low-income individuals who qualify to receive SNAP benefits or other means-tested federal assistance programs, such as Medicaid or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. It also includes individuals residing in communities with a significant low-income population.

SNAP-Ed Library

The SNAP-Ed Library is the place for locating SNAP-Ed tools and resources:

Social marketing

The process of combining commercial marketing methods with public health approaches in order to achieve significant, large-scale public benefits. Commercial marketing techniques include, but are not limited to, formative research and pilot testing; paid or public service advertising; other forms of mass communications, including interactive websites and social media; public relations or earned media; promotions; and consumer education. Public health approaches are consumer engagement; community development; public/private partnerships; and policy, systems, and environmental change.

Social marketing campaigns

Campaigns delivered to one or more SNAP-Ed market segments on a population basis, across a large geographical area (town/city, county, region/media market, statewide, multi-state, national). They are typically branded (with a name, tagline, visual logo, lookand-feel); communicate a common call to action; and are delivered in multiple complementary settings/channels, engaging intermediaries in those settings/channels and focusing on one or more priority behavior changes.

Social norms

Expectations held by social groups that dictate appropriate behavior and are thought of as rules or standards that guide behavior.

Solid fats

Fats that are solid at room temperature, like beef fat, butter, and shortening. Solid fats mainly come from animal foods and can also be made from vegetable oils through a process called hydrogenation.

Specific message

A communication with some identifiable aspect (e.g., logo, jingle, character) that the respondent could not name unless he or she had been exposed to the communication.

State agency

The agency of State government, including the local offices thereof, which is responsible for the administration of the federally aided public assistance programs within the State, and in those States where such assistance programs are operated on a decentralized basis; it includes the counterpart local agencies, which administer such assistance programs for the State agency.

Structured physical activity

Teacher-led activities for toddlers and preschoolers that are developmentally appropriate and fun. Such activities should include:
  • Planned, focused activities designed to improve age-appropriate motor skill development. The activity should be engaging and involve all children with minimal or no waiting.
  • Daily, fun physical activity that is vigorous (gets children "breathless" or breathing deeper and faster than during typical activities) for short bouts of time.

Sugar-sweetened beverages

Liquids that are sweetened with various forms of added sugars. These beverages include, but are not limited to, soda (regular, not sugar-free), fruitades, sports drinks, energy drinks, sweetened waters, and coffee and tea beverages with added sugars. Also called calorically sweetened beverages.


Changes in written policies, organizational systems, and the observable (physical or “built”) or communications environments that make healthy choices easier and more desirable.


Monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information using an ongoing,systematic data collection, analysis, and dissemination tool. Surveillance data can identify the need for SNAP-Ed intervention and measure their effects on the populations or conditions monitored.


The continued use of intervention components and activities for the continued achievement of desirable intervention and population outcomes.

Sustainability plan

A written document that describes the priorities and action steps that will be taken to ensure the long-term sustainability of a SNAP-Ed intervention or initiative.


A group of related parts that move or work together within a whole organization or a network of organizations.

Systems changes

Unwritten, ongoing, organizational decisions or changes that result in new activities or new ways of conducting business that reach large proportions of people the organization or network of organizations serve.