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ST2: Food Resource Management

Framework Component

Readiness & Capacity - Goals and Intentions

Indicator Description

Individual and family goals and intentions that reflect smarter shopping and food resource management (FRM) strategies, enabling participants to stretch their food resource dollars to support a healthier diet.

Background and Context

Indicator ST2 measures intent to change and goals resulting from a single education lesson or a series of food resource management classes with SNAP-Ed adults and youth. Differences in reportable outcomes may be explained by the intensity of food resource management programming received by participants. Depending on setting and time availability, surveys and questions noted below may be conducted in a pre- and post-test design or in a post-test only design such as used in the University of California (UC) CalFresh Intent to Change surveys. Some of the questions may need to be updated to reflect the latest dietary guidelines. Using multiple measures of intent and goal setting strengthens the likelihood of determining that participants are motivated to improve their food resource management practices. At present, there is no standardized survey instrument or composite score used in SNAP-Ed programming due to the variety of curricula and population subgroups served. Evaluators are encouraged to measure the degree of correlation among the individual measures presented in this indicator. Results may be limited due to self-report biases (e.g., recall and social desirability).

Outcome Measures

The number of adults/heads of households who set goals and/or changes in level of intent to practice food resource management behaviors.

Healthful Shopping Practices: Setting goals or changes in intent related to the following shopping behaviors:

Stretch Food Dollars: Setting goals or changes in intent related to the following shopping behaviors:

What to Measure

SNAP-Ed participants who indicate an intent to practice at least one method for managing their food resources through food shopping practices, food storage, food preparation, and budgeting. Choose at least one outcome measure from the list provided, and select a measurement approach based upon the type of survey question and responses. The example surveys and sample questions listed below are for matched pre- and post-test outcome measurements of intention and goals. Some surveys, such as intent, can be used to measure post-test only responses of intent (e.g., University of California CalFresh Nutrition Education intent surveys).

For a description on ordinal and nominal outcomes, please see Appendix D.


Adults (ages 18+), high school or transitional aged youth who are the primary shoppers/meal preparers

Surveys and Data Collection Tools


Key Glossary Terms

Food Resource Management (FRM)

Additional Resources or Supporting Citations